Passer au contenu

/ Département de physique

Je donne


Navigation secondaire

Soutenance de doctorat d'Elham Rezasoltani (Groupe Silva)

Excitonic behaviour in polymeric semiconductors

Département de physique, Univresité de Montréal

Groupe de Carlos Silva



Understanding the interrelations between microstructure and electronic processes in polymeric semiconductors is of great importance for their use in bulk heterostructures, as the active part of power-converting devices such as organic photovoltaic cells or light emitting diodes, as well as for quantum optoelectronics applications. In this doctoral thesis, two different systems are investigated; each of these systems represents a different approach to optimize materials in terms of microstructure and their ability to order on the molecular level. In the first system, by means of quasi-steady-state photoinduced absorption (PIA) and pump-modulation-frequency-dependent PIA spectroscopy, I performed a comprehensive analysis of the working principles of a hybrid photovoltaic cell based on nanocrystals of zinc oxide (ZnO) and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT). The interface surface area between donor (polymer P3HT) and acceptor (ZnO nanocrystals), where charge generation occurs, plays a significant role in the performance of the hybrid photovoltaic cells. To improve the charge generation mechanism of P3HT:ZnO, it is therefore essential to modify the P3HT:ZnO interface area. We demonstrated that molecular interface modification with cis-bis(4,40-dicarboxy-2,20bipyridine) ruthenium (II) (N3-dye) and a-Sexithiophen-2-yl-phosphonic Acid (6TP) as interface modifiers enhanced the photocurrent and performance in P3HT:ZnO cells. 6TP and N3 attach to the ZnO interface, thus increasing the donor:acceptor interface area that contributes to enhanced charge separation. Furthermore, 6TP and N3 reduce the ZnO traps that reduces recombination. In the second part, I introduced a processed solid-like ultra-high-molecular-weight polystyrene polymeric host matrix to trap and protect poly [2-methoxy, 5-(2’-ethylhexoxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene-PPV] (MEH-PPV) solution for use in quantum optoelectronic devices. Previous work by others has shown that MEH-PPV in solution undergoes a Conformation transition from coiled Conformation at high temperatures (blue-phase) to a chain-extended Conformation at low temperatures (red-phase). The chain-extended Conformation of MEH-PPV solution favours the characteristics needed to improve quantum optoelectronic devices, however the solution cannot be incorporated into the device. We demonstrated that the red-phase feature of MEH-PPV in solution maintains in a processed solid-like ultra-high-molecular-weight polystyrene polymeric host matrix (MEH-PPV/UHMWPS gels), by means of temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy (ranged from 290K down to 80 K). The red-phase of MEH-PPV/UHMW PS gels manifest itself as narrow linewidths and enhanced 0

Emplacement : 2900, chemin de la Tour D-460 Montréal H3T 1J6 QC Canada